Christ the King & Last Judgment


On the final Sunday in the liturgical year, it is time to remember things that we’d prefer to forget. For starters, we recall that there is an infinite qualitative difference between God and us. He is immortal and infinite. We are not. Each one of us will come to our individual end. But so will our society, our world, even our universe.

Another thing to call to mind on this day is that while the Son of God came the first time in a way both lowly and hidden, he will come one day in a way both public and glorious. Yes, he is the Lamb of God. But He is also the Lion of Judah.  He takes away the sin of those who let him. But he is also will bring things hidden in darkness into the light, call a spade a spade, and insist that all bear the consequences of their choices.

That is what any judge does. And he will come in glory, says the creed, to judge the living and the dead.

But what will the Last Judgment be like? By what criteria will we be judged?

Only one passage in the Gospels provides a sneak preview of that day of reckoning–Matthew 25:31-46. First of all, note that most of Jesus’ parables have a jarring punch line. He’s always upsetting the preconceived notions of just about everyone, especially the most religious of the bunch, whether they be Pharisees or disciples.

Clearly, all of us expect that the Judge will condemn evil and impose sentence on the guilty. And we tend to think of evildoing as stepping over the line and infringing on the rights of others, taking their possessions, maybe even taking their lives. The language of the Our Father lends itself to this interpretation of sin when it says “forgive us our trespasses.”

The problem with this understanding of sin is that it is incomplete, even shallow. Lots of people think that as long as they don’t lie, cheat, and steal, but just keep to themselves and mind their own business, they deserve big rewards from God.

The story of the Last Judgment addresses these “decent folks.” Imagine their shock as they swagger smugly up to the judge’s bench expecting praise only to be sent off to eternal punishment! Why? Because they neglected to do the good that love required them to do. They did not “commit” offenses or infractions of the law; they did nothing positively destructive. It’s just that, in the presence of suffering, they heartlessly did absolutely nothing. Their sin was not a sin of “commission” but a sin of “omission.” But note–these sins of omission ultimately seal the fate of the damned.

There are lots of negative commandments, often expressed as “thou shalt not’s.” But the two most important commandments are positive “thou shalt’s”. “You shall love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, soul, and strength and you shall love thy neighbor as yourself.” These commandments require an interior disposition that naturally produces outward actions. If you are hungry, you love yourself enough to go to the fridge or drive to McDonald’s. If you truly love your hungry neighbor as yourself, you don’t just say a prayer and offer sympathy (James 2:15-17). Loving God with all your heart doesn’t mean giving a respectful nod to God and then going on your merry way. It means going out of your way, passionately seeking to love him and serve him in all that you do.

In this Last Judgment scene we see how these two commandments, these two loves, are really one. Jesus makes clear that loving God with your whole heart is expressed in loving your neighbor as yourself. And whenever you love your neighbor in this way, you are actually loving the Son of God.

So ultimately, the judgment is simple. It all comes down to love. The judge happens to be the King of hearts.




About Author

Grew up in Providence RI. BA at Providence college, Ph.D. in historical theology from Catholic University of America. Former professional musician and theology professor at Loyola College in Maryland and the University of Dallas. Currently owner of Wellness Business Ventures LLC and director of Father of five.

  • noelfitz

    I find the idea of the final judgement chilling and ominous.

    I read here “The story of the Last Judgment addresses these “decent folks.” Imagine their shock as they swagger smugly up to the judge’s bench expecting praise only to be sent off to eternal punishment! Why? Because they neglected to do the good that love required them to do.”

    Am I one of those decent folk? I try to do my best, but do I really? If I think I will be saved, am I giving in to pride? In the past one unforgiven mortal sin was considered to condemn one to hell for eternity. Now some think we will be judged on the balance of our lives. Which is it?

    • Noel, it is about where you are in relationship to Christ at this moment. If that is your focus, you will be ready. Some day you’ll find “this moment” will turn into your last and final moment. Confident trust in God’s mercy and grace is not pride but hope. The smug assumption that you might as well sin and slack off since God’s a nice guy — that’s the sin of presumption.

    • One unforgiven mortal sin is still enough to condemn a man, because sin severs the relationship with God. If you’ve sinned mortally and haven’t repented, your destiny is Hell, because you can’t live without God.

      Being judged “on the balance of our lives” is fine, but the scale is upset all the way if there is but a single mortal sin. That’s what such people are overlooking.

  • noelfitz

    Dr D’Ambrosio,

    thank you for this reply and the many you have given to me in the past. Your articles are always sound sound and inspiring.

    My religion was formed prior to Vat II. The idea of God as a harsh judge with a big stick, I am told, was banished post Vat II. The Redemptorists were famous for “hell fire and damnation” sermons. Catholicism in Ireland, post penal laws, was formed from Maynooth College which was founded at the end of the 18th century with many Jansenistic refugee professors from France, hence there were Jansenistic tendencies in Irish Catholicism.

    The CCC has: “1034 Jesus often speaks of “Gehenna” of “the unquenchable fire” reserved for those who to the end of their lives refuse to believe and be converted, where both soul and body can be lost. Jesus solemnly proclaims that he “will send his angels, and they will gather . . . all evil doers, and throw them into the furnace of fire,” and that he will pronounce the condemnation: “Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire!”

    It seems unfair that on our own we cannot merit heaven, but we can go to hell. Those who have never heard of God or Christianity can also end up in hell. Life is tough.

    Incidentally we learned in school “the principal sins against hope are despair and presumption”,