The Canaanite Woman


The apostles thought she was a nuisance and asked Jesus to get rid of her.  Jesus had gone to the region of Tyre and Sidon, modern-day Lebanon, and a local woman approached him for a favor.  This was pagan country, home turf of the infamous Jezebel.  The inhabitants of these parts were fondly referred to as “dogs” by their Jewish neighbors, who viewed them as unclean.

Did Jesus too regard these people with disdain?  At first glance it appears so.  She cries out, “Lord, son of David, have pity on me!” and makes him aware that her daughter is troubled by a demon.  He ignores her at first.  Then he rebuffs her.  “My mission is only to the lost sheep of Israel.”  She is undaunted and, as if she did not hear him, insistently cries out: “Help me Lord!”

Then comes what many would take as a put down.  Jesus says: “It is not right to take the food of sons and daughters and throw it to the dogs.”  She could simply have taken offense and walked off in a huff.

But instead she persevered, responding with humility and wit: “Even the dogs eat the leavings that fall from their master’s table.” 

Jesus could no longer resist: “Woman, you have great faith, your wish will come to pass.”  And immediately, her daughter was delivered from the power of evil.

Many people think faith is “belief that” . . .   Belief that God exists, or that Jesus is the Messiah.  This woman certainly has this kind of belief.  Though she is not a Jew, she calls Jesus “Son of David,” which means she believes that he is the anointed king of Israel foretold by the prophets.

Yet faith is more than “belief that.”  It is belief in.  To believe in someone is to trust them, to entrust something of value to them, even to entrust one’s very self to them.  Here, the woman entrusts the destiny of her daughter to the man who stands before her.  And desire for her daughter’s salvation propels her to pursue him, to seek him tirelessly until she obtains what she believes he can provide.

Jesus often rebukes his disciples for having little faith.  Their faith is little because it cowers before every obstacle.  This woman’s faith is great because it disregards every obstacle.  He is the King of the Jews.  She is a Gentile.  She asks; he is silent.  She asks two more times, he says no.  She doesn’t care.  She just keeps on coming.

Notice that though she is insistent, she is nonetheless humble.  She does not dispute Jesus’ “preferential option for the Jews.”  She does not arrogantly demand to be served first.  She’ll settle for leftovers.

Jesus had come first for the people of Israel, then for the whole world.  He was only in phase one of his mission.  The time of the Gentiles had not yet come.  But the great faith of this woman appears to have induced him to move forward the timetable.  It reminds me of another woman of faith who moved forward Jesus’ timetable when the wedding guests had no more wine (John 2).  His first response appeared to be a no, but her determined perseverance turned it into a yes that launched his public ministry.

There is a place in the gospels where Jesus says that faith can move mountains.  Here we see that faith can move something even more formidable than mountains — it can move God himself!


About Author

Grew up in Providence RI. BA at Providence college, Ph.D. in historical theology from Catholic University of America. Former professional musician and theology professor at Loyola College in Maryland and the University of Dallas. Currently owner of Wellness Business Ventures LLC and director of Father of five.

  • “The time of the Gentiles had not yet come. But the great faith of this woman appears to have induced him to move forward the timetable.”

    It is true that the time of the Gentiles was still in the future yet Jesus helped many Gentiles and even put them as examples to be followed, like when he quoted the story of the widow of Zarephath.

    Once a wise older priest taught me a great lesson. He said “don’t read the Bible dryly as Protestants do. Especially when you are reading the Gospels stand there with Jesus and Mary and survey the scene.”

    I think the purpose of the actions of Jesus in this case was to show his own disciples that there are no outsiders among those with faith. A friend of Jesus is a hard core junkie that never gives up, no matter what. Goliath asked “what am I, a dog?” Famous last words, he went down fast from top dog to dog food. But this lovely, radiant woman filled with the humility of the truly oppressed does not even feel the sting of humiliation (by the way, that is how we should go to confession.) Jesus knew who she was. Not long before that his disciples were bitterly discussing who was the greatest (as usual) but now they see the gifts of Heaven bestowed on this “undeserving” foreigner, an outsider, of the wrong race. How is she not to have problems with demons? She is a Sidonian and they are all sorcerers, dishonest, pagans, etc. Yet, like in the case of the Samaritan by the well, the adulterous woman, the Magdalene with a dubious history, etc. Jesus showed a kind of mercy that ignored the “seniority” of the sons of Abraham opening the doors of His mercy to the most undeserving so those who were watching should learn how to behave in the Court of the Kingdom of God. By the way, the lesson is for us also.

    Thank you, Lord Jesus.

  • Tarheel

    When I read this passage a few thoughts come to mind. And the Sunday readings up to this point have had a common thread or theme. Faith and courage. This woman showed both. She had faith. She knew that Jesus could heal her daughter. And when we remember the customs of that time a woman didn’t speak to a man in public. Especially one that was a rabbi like Jesus. This is one example of courage. She was a Canaanite woman. Remember how Israel treated the people of Canaan? Granted this happened years and years before Christ’s time, but the people of Israel still treated the people of Canaan like second or third class citizens.